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Globally Wired: Politics in Cyberspace (Third in a Series): Cyberwar or Sideshow? The Internet and the Balkan Wars
by Florian Bieber
"Although the Internet alleviated some information shortages in Yugoslavia during the war in Kosovo, its small audience of users within the country meant that only a minuscule segment of the population was as well informed as many Western media consumers. . . . Still, the Internet gave the independent Yugoslav media tremendous support and helped reduce the isolation that had enveloped Yugoslavia."
Macedonia’s Quest for Security and Stability
by Duncan Perry
"If the new [Macedonian] government, like previous governments, confuses motion with progress and fails to deal seriously with interethnic and economic issues, trouble will follow. If, however, it does commence a healing process that involves reform, Macedonia's future will be much more secure."
Why Milosevic Still?
by Eric D. Gordy
"Milosevic has so far survived the erosion of his political base by relying on the one instrument he has under his undisputed control: state power. . . . [But] Milosevic does not deserve all the credit for his own improbable survival. Even at his weakest moments it is impossible to overestimate the impact of the opposition's repeated failure to present a credible alternative."
The United States and Colombia: Partners in Ambiguity
by Michael Shifter
"The Clinton administration and Congress will likely reach an agreement to increase aid to Colombia. Yet whether the agreement reflects a serious commitment with a clear strategic purpose to support Colombia and the Colombian government—or whether it merely seeks to satisfy the myriad domestic political interests and agendas involved in United States policy toward Colombia—is a critical question. It is a question, however, that can probably not abide much ambiguity."
The Enigmatic Guerrilla: FARC's Manuel Marulanda
by Andres Cala
"Manuel Marulanda, the head of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, may become the unlikely head of the first leftist guerrilla movement to achieve success in the post-cold war era. . . . "
Democracy and Its Discontents in Fujimori's Peru
by David Scott Palmer
"The government and its supporters have concluded that Peru's continued success depends on continuity at the presidential helm. Opponents believe that five more years of President Alberto Fujimori is a recipe for disaster."
Demystifying Venezuela's Hugo Chávez
by Jennifer L. McCoy
"The challenge for the [Chávez] administration is to devise a way to include dissenting voices and respect minority views while still carrying out the changes desired by the Venezuelan people. The alternative is a tyranny of the majority in the name of revolutionary change."
The Hall of Mirrors: The Internet in Latin America
by Ricardo Gomez
Latin American Internet users, like those in the developed world, "may be merely surfing the labyrinth of the Library of Babel dreamt by Borges: a library in which the contents matter far less than the apparent infinity of its holdings."
Guatemala's Precarious Peace
by David Holiday
"The Guatemalan peace process will ultimately be considered successful if it contributes to reconciliation among the many participants in the armed conflict. . . . While international human rights norms and institutions clearly support uncovering the truth about Guatemala's bloody past, such inquiries call into question the fundamental structures of military, political, and economic power in Guatemala."
Bouteflika and Algeria's Path from Revolt to Reconciliation
by Robert Mortimer
"Balancing the role of the army against the grievances of civil society," Abdelaziz Bouteflika, Algeria's new president, is "apparently in charge of a process of national reconciliation that may finally allow Algeria to address the social and economic needs that a decade of political turbulence and violence has made even more urgent."
The Coming Transformation in the Muslim World
by Dale F. Eickelman
"Buzzwords such as "fundamentalism" and catchy phrases such as Samuel Huntington's "West versus the rest". . .obscure or even distort the immense spiritual and intellectual ferment that is taking place today among the world's nearly 1 billion Muslims."
The Middle East's Information Revolution
by Jon B. Alterman
"It may be some time before the Internet becomes firmly entrenched in much of the Middle East. The obstacles to adoption, especially with the current technology, appear significant. But the information revolution has already arrived in the Middle East, and it poses significant challenges for the status quo."
Women's Rights in Kuwait: Bringing in the Last Bedouins?
by Mary Ann Tetreault
"The defeat [of legislation that would grant women political rights] is a stark measure of the distrust that pervades government-parliament relations, and of the inability of Kuwaiti governing institutions to rise above patterns of conflict that have poisoned national political life for many years."
Turkey's Fault Lines and the Crisis of Kemalism
by M. Hakan Yavuz and Mujeeb R. Khan
"Kemalism has been superficially Western in form while remaining rigidly authoritarian and dogmatic in substance. It continues to stress republicanism over democracy, homogeneity over difference, the military over the civilian, and the state over society. . . . Its quixotic quest to radically recast Turkish culture, history, and identity has ensured a permanent kulturkampf against society."