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Middle East

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December 2001
It's Not About Faith: A Battle for the Soul of the Middle East
by Shibley Telhami
"An infusion of hope is needed in the midst of despair, a supply of ammunition in the war of ideas for those in the region who, deep in their hearts, reject the militants' way, but are sickened even more by their own daily humiliation."

November 2001
A Dream Become Nightmare? Turkey's Entry into the European Union
by Ersel Aydinli and Dov Waxman
"As long as Turkey's desire for EU membership represented an abstract ideal . . . , Turkey's military and civilian elite could avoid acknowledging the potential political costs of membership in the eu. And as long as the Europeans kept Turkey at arm's length, that elite's willingness to implement the domestic reforms necessary for EU membership was never put to the test."

January 2001
Camp David II: Assumptions and Consequences
by Shibley Telhami
"The framing of issues between Israel and the Palestinians in religious terms, fueled by the question of Jerusalem, has led to the beginning of a transformation that has begun to mobilize Arabs within Israel, and Arabs and Muslims worldwide. Increasingly the conflict is no longer only Palestinian-Israeli, but also Arab-Israeli, and even Muslim-Jewish."

January 2001
Israel and the Palestinians: Bitter Fruits of Hegemonic Peace
by Glenn E. Robinson
"Had Arafat accepted Israel's offer at Camp David, the violence in recent months would have been more in the form of a Palestinian civil war. Or as Arafat reportedly asked Clinton when the American president was pushing hard for him to accept Barak's offer: 'Do you want to attend my funeral?'"

January 2001
Barak’s Israel
by Don Peretz
"The sense of solidarity that characterized Israeli society half a century ago has dissipated as society has divided into contentious, often conflicting groups. . . . [But] since the Jerusalem intifada erupted in October, many in Jewish Israeli society have refocused their hostility: PA President Yasir Arafat has become the archenemy. . . . Barak, however, has been unable to form a new majority coalition or capitalize on the anti-Arafat emotion sweeping through the Jewish community."

January 2001
Iran: Came the Revolution
by Jon B. Alterman
"Long-time watchers of Iranian politics [believe] Iran is moving away from the politics of Islamic revolution and toward the traditional politics of Iran. . . . [But] authoritarianism is a recurring theme in Iranian history, and some Iranian scholars openly wonder whether the reformists will be any less authoritarian than the conservative clerics."

January 2001
America’s Middle East Peace Crisis
by Augustus Richard Norton
"Over the past decade it has become fashionable in Washington to believe that only when a situation is 'ripe'—that is, when the belligerents are 'hurting'—should the United States expend diplomatic capital, and especially the scarcest resource of all, the president's time, to seek a solution. This perspective exhibits common-sense wisdom, but it also harbors a rationale for avoiding tough, complex issues."

January 2001
The Kurdish Nation
by M. Hakan Yavuz and Michael M. Gunter
"The Kurdish question consists of the desire of most Kurds to have the cultural, linguistic, and political rights that will protect their Kurdish identity. Some Kurds also seek autonomy or even independence from the countries in which they live; those states, however, have long denied such aspirations. . . . The result has been a constant instability that promises to intensify as the Kurds become more politically aware and as their cause grows more visible to the outside world."

January 2000
The Coming Transformation in the Muslim World
by Dale F. Eickelman
"Buzzwords such as "fundamentalism" and catchy phrases such as Samuel Huntington's "West versus the rest". . .obscure or even distort the immense spiritual and intellectual ferment that is taking place today among the world's nearly 1 billion Muslims."

January 2000
The Middle East's Information Revolution
by Jon B. Alterman
"It may be some time before the Internet becomes firmly entrenched in much of the Middle East. The obstacles to adoption, especially with the current technology, appear significant. But the information revolution has already arrived in the Middle East, and it poses significant challenges for the status quo."

January 2000
Women's Rights in Kuwait: Bringing in the Last Bedouins?
by Mary Ann Tetreault
"The defeat [of legislation that would grant women political rights] is a stark measure of the distrust that pervades government-parliament relations, and of the inability of Kuwaiti governing institutions to rise above patterns of conflict that have poisoned national political life for many years."

January 2000
Turkey's Fault Lines and the Crisis of Kemalism
by M. Hakan Yavuz and Mujeeb R. Khan
"Kemalism has been superficially Western in form while remaining rigidly authoritarian and dogmatic in substance. It continues to stress republicanism over democracy, homogeneity over difference, the military over the civilian, and the state over society. . . . Its quixotic quest to radically recast Turkish culture, history, and identity has ensured a permanent kulturkampf against society."

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