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The Islamist Challenge in Kosova
by Isa Blumi
"Even as Western societies worry about the 'rise of Islamic fundamentalism,' the international community's ill-conceived policies for Kosova's rural Muslim population may prove to be directly responsible for the production of Europe's own Taliban."
Europe Enlarged, America Detached?
by Simon Serfaty
"September 11 should be a catalyst for a renewal of the West as a community of action that is shaped by interests that are common even when they are not always equally shared. What the West needs, and must seek in and beyond the EU and NATO-the two central institutions that comprise it-is more, not less, integration."
Macedonia: Melting Pot or Meltdown?
by Duncan Perry
"Today the fate of this new country [remains unclear], but history has shown that the Macedonians are tenacious and will go down fighting--as will the Albanians, if it comes to that. But does it need to?"
Kosova: From the Brink--and Back Again
by Isa Blumi
"It should be stressed (rather than ignored) that the conflicts in Kosova have much more to do with colonial exploitation, power politics, and economic greed than primordial hatreds manipulated by indicted war criminals."
Croatia's Second Transition and the International Community
by Marina Ottaway and Gideon Maltz
"The international community should rethink the applicability in the short run of some of the high principles that guide its demands, and accept instead the basic lesson of democracy: democratic governments succeed and indeed only survive when they strike a compromise between what they should do ideally and what their constituencies demand."
Europe's Eastern Enlargement: Who Benefits?
by John Hall and Wolfgang Quaisser
"The historical experience of the East European countries is to dance to the tunes played by regional powers to their west and to their east. Is this just one more round, with Brussels choreographing the show now, rather than Vienna, Berlin, or Moscow?"
An Interview with Latvian President Vaira Vike-Freiberga
by Sean Patrick Murphy
As the european union begins to expand eastward, nato has announced that it will decide next year whether to expand into the former Soviet republics of Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia. Earlier this year, Current History consulting editor Sean Patrick Murphy interviewed visiting Latvian President Vaira Vike-Freiberga in Washington, D.C. about Latvia's possible entry into nato and the implications for Latvia's relationship with Russia. An edited transcript of the interview follows.
Building a "Normal Boring"Country Kostunica's Yugoslavia
by Eric D. Gordy
The fall of the Milosevic regime has much meaning in itself, and a strong desire to imagine a better future can be sensed everywhere. But nothing is assured unless the new government is able to make this desire concrete.
Bosnia: The Democracy Paradox
by David Chandler
There is an alternative to the paradox of establishing new protectorate powers and more invasive international mandates to bring about democracy and self-government in Bosnia, an option never advocated by policy advisers from international institutions: allow people in the region greater autonomy to develop their own solutions.
Bosnia's War Criminals: Getting Away with Murder
by International Crisis Group
Many of those accused of war crimes [in Bosnia] have successfully diverted the international community's attention from their wartime activities while maintaining significant influence in their local communities. An often-complacent international community and a politically cautious sfor aid them in this endeavor.
by Marian Chiriac
Eleven years after the overthrow of communism, Romania is still searching for solutions to its deeper ills. It is a society in dire need of modernization, burdened with a backward political culture and a ruined economy. The challenge to the political class is how to overcome the patterns set by its predecessors, who introduced formal changes while failing to serve their constituent public.
Completing the Transatlantic Bargain: The United States and European Security
by Charles Barry, Sean Kay and Joshua Spero
It is time for a summit to renew the transatlantic commitment by defining a new, more equal balance of influence over transatlantic affairs. America need not fear that outcome; indeed, it hearkens to the bold vision America created with its allies at NATO's conception. The United States must lead in defining a new direction by welcoming the added power of the EU.
by Lenard J. Cohen
The process of democratic consolidation in Serbia has begun in earnest. Equally important, the more virulent xenophobic and authoritarian aspects of Serbian political culture have waned considerably. . . . For the foreseeable future, the specious superpatriotism and discredited soft dictatorship of the Milosevic variety are likely to hold only marginal appeal.
Living in the Past: Franjo Tudjman’s Croatia
by Drago Hedl
"Croatian President Franjo Tudjman was a historian who strayed into politics, whose compatriots have already demonstrated how much he strayed into history as a politician; only several weeks after his death they turned their backs on his party, showing that normal life is much more than just making a thousand-year-old dream of an independent state come true."
Will Bosnia Survive Dayton?
by James M. B. Lyon
"A review of the Dayton Peace Accords four years after its signing shows that the ethnic cleansers have won: Bosnia is ethnically divided and significant portions of the treaty remain unimplemented. In the words of the December 1998 Madrid meeting of the Peace Implementation Council, Bosnia and Herzegovina's structure remains fragile. Without the scaffolding of inter-national support, it would collapse."
Kosovo: “Nobody’s Country”
by Lenard J. Cohen
"Had the international community given more careful attention to the consequences a bombing campaign would have on ethnic relations in Kosovo - or at least made adequate preparations to rapidly police the area following such a campaign - the province's present ethnic segmentation and probable monoethnic future might have been avoided."
Globally Wired: Politics in Cyberspace (Third in a Series): Cyberwar or Sideshow? The Internet and the Balkan Wars
by Florian Bieber
"Although the Internet alleviated some information shortages in Yugoslavia during the war in Kosovo, its small audience of users within the country meant that only a minuscule segment of the population was as well informed as many Western media consumers. . . . Still, the Internet gave the independent Yugoslav media tremendous support and helped reduce the isolation that had enveloped Yugoslavia."
Macedonia’s Quest for Security and Stability
by Duncan Perry
"If the new [Macedonian] government, like previous governments, confuses motion with progress and fails to deal seriously with interethnic and economic issues, trouble will follow. If, however, it does commence a healing process that involves reform, Macedonia's future will be much more secure."
Why Milosevic Still?
by Eric D. Gordy
"Milosevic has so far survived the erosion of his political base by relying on the one instrument he has under his undisputed control: state power. . . . [But] Milosevic does not deserve all the credit for his own improbable survival. Even at his weakest moments it is impossible to overestimate the impact of the opposition's repeated failure to present a credible alternative."